Mar 032012
 

The ablative case suffixes are –dan and –den. The letter -d- is transformed into -t- if the last letter of the word is a strong consonant (ç, f, h, k, p, t, s, ş).

dan if the last vowel of the word is a back vowel (a, ı, o, u)
den if the last vowel of the word is a front vowel (e, i, ö, ü)

Examples:

absolute ablative
bahçe bahçeden
göz gözden
at attan
ekmek ekmekten
balık balıktan
et etten

 

WARNING:
There are many (mostly foreign) words that are exceptions to the above rule (a fact not mentioned by many web sites). Some of them take the opposite suffix, some others double their final letter, while others loose their last vowel:

absolute ablative
saat saatten
harf harften
hal halden
gol golden

 

Unfortunately there is no rule and you have to memorize these exceptions. Fortunately there is a tool to help you find out if a word is an exception or not:

 

Please enter a word:

 Posted by at 4:08 pm

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