Mar 042012
 

The accusative case suffixes are –(y)ı/i/u/ü. The letter –y– is used only if the last letter of the word is a vowel. If however, the word has already got a (3rd person) possession suffix, then the letter that must be used is –n– instead of -y-.

(y)ı if the last vowel of the word is a or ı.
(y)i if the last vowel of the word is e o i.
(y)u if the last vowel of the word is o or u.
(y)ü if the last vowel of the word is is ö or ü.

Examples:

absolute accusative
bahçe bahçeyi
göz gözü
okul okulu
balkonu balkonunu
tenceresi tenceresini

 

WARNING:
There are many (mostly foreign) words that are exceptions to the above rule (a fact not mentioned by many web sites). Some of them take the opposite suffix, some others double their final letter, while others loose their last vowel. In addition many (but not all) words that end in (ç, k, p, t) transform this letter into (c, ğ, b, d):

absolute accusative
akıl aklı
hat hattı
ekmek ekmeği
gol golü

 Unfortunately there is no rule and you have to memorize these exceptions. Fortunately there is a tool to help you find out if a word is an exception or not:

 

Please enter a word:

 Posted by at 10:29 am

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