Mar 072012
 

Possession in Turkish is shown by adding a suffix onto the noun or adjective. The suffixes can be seen in the table:

  LAST VOWEL:
a/ı e/i o/u ö/ü
my

benim

(ı)m (i)m (u)m (ü)m
your senin (ı)n (i)n (u)n (ü)n
his/her onun (s)ı (s)i (s)u (s)ü
our bizim (ı)mız (i)miz (u)muz (ü)müz
your sizin (ı)nız (i)niz (u)nuz (ü)nüz
their onların ları leri ları leri
  • If the word ends in a vowel, the vowels in parenthesis are omitted and the letter (s) is used.
  • If the word ends in a consonant, the vowels in parenthesis are used and the letter (s) is omitted.

WARNING: Please keep in mind the following rules:

  1. If the word ends in -k, this is usually, but not always, transformed into ğ when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. (ekmek)
  2. If the word ends in -nk, this is transformed into ng when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. (renk)
  3. If the word ends in -t, this is usually, but not always, transformed into d when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. (dert)
  4. If the word ends in -ç, this is usually, but not always, transformed into c when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. (ağaç)
  5. If the word ends in -p, this is usually, but not always, transformed into b when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. (dolap)
  6. There are several words that loose their last vowel (second letter from the end) when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. You have to memorize these words. (göğüs)
  7. There are several words that take suffixes opposite of the table rules. You have to memorize these words. (hal)
  8. There are several words that double their last consonant when taking a suffix that begins with a vowel. You have to memorize these words. (hat)
  9. There are several words that take suffixes opposite of the table rules and also double their last consonant. You have to memorize these words. (had)
  10. There are several words that obey no rules at all. You have to memorize these words. (su)

Too many rules? Too many exceptions? No need to worry as there is an on line tool that helps you find the correct possession suffixes:

Please enter a word:


 Posted by at 1:25 pm

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